Infertility Awareness Week  

Whilst COVID-19 has made us more health conscious, we want to ensure we are healthy in all aspects. From April 19th-26th Doctors on Demand will be participating in National Infertility week, supporting and providing information for those affected by the disorder. 

Infertility affects 1 in 3 females who are over the age of 35 and 1 in 6 Australian couples of a reproductive age, indicating how common this issue is. 

 

What is infertility? 

Infertility is the inability to conceive a pregnancy after attempting unprotected sexual intercourse for over a year. Infertility can occur from a combination of factors some issues pertaining to the sperm, eggs, structure of the reproductive systems and hormonal conditions. 

Causes of Female infertility  

There are numerous factors such as weightage and disorders which can increase the likelihood of infertility some including; 

  • Age 
  • Overweight  
  • Fibroids 
  • Ovulation disorders 
  • PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) 
  • Issues pertaining to the fallopian tubes such as tubal disease 
  • Endometriosis 
  • Salpingitis  

 

What Signs Should Females Look For? 

So how can you tell if you are experiencing infertility issues when trying to conceive and when should you see a doctor? If you experience any of the below issues and symptoms book aappointment with a Doctors on Demand Australian Registered doctorSome symptoms may be overlap with other medical disorders.  

  • Pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia 
  • Long painful periods 
  • Overly dark or pale menstrual blood 
  • An irregular menstrual cycle 
  • Hormonal changes, which can be seen through; unexplained weight gain, severe acne, reduced libido and facial hair 

 

Infertility Treatments 

While infertility can occur, there are multiple solutions and treatments one can try. The most common forms of treatment are IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization), OI (Ovulation Induction) and ovulation cycle tracking.  

IVF 

  • This is the process in which pre-fertilized embryos are transferred to a women’s uterus through aembryo transfer procedure, similar to a pap smear. 

 

OI 

  • Ovulation Induction involves ovulation induced medication which encourages a female’s eggs to be released from the ovaries, thus increasing the chances for conception whether it is through sexual intercourse or artificial insemination.  

 

Ovulation Cycle Tracking 

  • This process includes the close tracking and testing of the hormones throughout the cycle, which can indicate the days in which one is most fertile  

 

Other treatments available to those affected by Infertility include; 

 

Artificial Insemination 

  • This technique requires sperm being inserted into the female’s uterus during the time of ovulation. 

 

Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET) 

  • When additional embryos are created from an IVF treatment, they can be frozen, stored and utilized in future. These embryos are inserted in a similar process to IVF. 

 

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection Treatment (ICSI)

  • This process whilst similar to IVF, involves a scientist injecting sperm into an egg to assist the fertilization process.  From here the fertilized egg (embryo) is then inserted into a females’ uterus.  

 

 

Want More Information? 

 

To seek further information or have further questions don’t hesitate to consult one of our certified GP’s anytime needed. If you are experiencing infertility, our doctors also provide referrals for more specialized medical issues, so you don’t have to leave your home to find the right treatment for you. 

 

References 

 

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323401#signs-of-infertility-in-women 

https://www.ivf.com.au/treatments/fertility-treatments/icsi-treatment 

https://www.ivf.com.au/treatments/fertility-treatments 

 

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