Endometriosis Awareness Month

While our nation has been dealing with the recent outbreak of COVID-19, other health issues are still impacting many lives. This March is Endometriosis Awareness Month, which is a global initiative which intends to raise awareness and provide insight into this disorder. With endometriosis affecting up to 10% of women, Doctors on Demand wants to support women who experience endometriosis and raise awareness for the options available 

 

So, what is Endometriosis?  

Endometriosis is a disorder where the tissue that would normally line the uterus grows outside of it.  That tissue, known as an endometrial implant, can potentially cover the bowels, fallopian tubes, ovaries and tissue lining the pelvis. Hormonal changes in the menstrual cycle can impact this misplaced tissue and make the area irritated and painful. This tissue is involved in a strenuous cycle of growing, thickening and deteriorating, with fragments potentially being trapped in the pelvis with nowhere to go.  

If pelvic tissue is trapped as described above, it can cause: 

  • Pelvic pain 
  • Period pain 
  • Irritation 
  • Scars 
  • Adhesions from the tissue binding organs together 
  • Fertility issues 

 

What are the Symptoms? 

The symptoms of endometriosis vary between each person, with some only experiencing mild symptoms while others having a more painful experience. The most common symptoms women with this disorder experience are: 

 

  • Period pain 
  • Lower abdominal pain 
  • Irregular and heavy periods 
  • Excessive cramping during menstruation 
  • Lower back pain during menstruation 
  • Discomfort in passing bowel movements 
  • Difficulty getting pregnant  
  • Pain surrounding intercourse 

 

Endometriosis can lead to more serious complications such as infertility and ovarian cancer, hence the importance of consulting a doctor. If you experience any of these symptoms don’t hesitate to book an online consultation with one of our certified GPs to ensure you are staying in the know with your body. 

Why Does Endometriosis Occur? 

There has been much speculation surrounding the true causes of the disorder, although unfortunately no specific reason is known. Some explanations for the disorder include: 

  • Retrograde Menstruation 

The process where menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flow back into the fallopian tubes, into the pelvic cavity, causing these cells to stick and form tissue in this area. 

  • Transformation of Peritoneal Cells 

Where hormonal factors transform peritoneal cells into endometrial like cells. 

  • Immune System Disorder 

Here it is proposed that the immune system makes endometrial like tissue unrecognizable to the body for it to destroy it and allowing the tissue to grow outside the uterus.  

 

 Can I Reduce My Chances? 

There are many factors which can increase the risk of endometriosis. Women over the age of 25 are more inclined to be diagnosed as well those who have a family history of the disorder.  

Additionally, those with a lower body mass and higher estrogen levels are at a higher risk. Interestingly, women who have had a child are at less risk of experiencing endometriosis potentially to the hormonal factors post pregnancy.  

 

What Treatments are Available? 

After a completed diagnoses multiple forms of therapy and medications are available. Hormonal therapy which is prescribed through hormone replacement medication and inhibitors are the most common forms of treatment due to the availability and access. Other treatments such as conservative surgery, fertility treatments and a hysterectomy are also used as options to treat endometriosis.  

To be diagnosed many patients are referred to medical specialists and for a series of medical exams. Doctors on Demand is the easiest way to be referred to the correct doctor or test for you without leaving your home. 

 

Any Concerns? 

We want to ensure that all patients receive the healthcare that they deserve. Through our online medical service you can easily book and have appointments with our Australian Registered doctors. If you feel you have any concerns about endometriosis or need more information, book an online appointment now. 

References: 

https://www.healthline.com/health/endometriosis 

https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/endometriosis 

Want to continue browsing our health-related articles? Select a blog category below.

Access expert medical care in minutes

View our Services